Low to ground, long in body and short of leg, with robust muscular development; the skin is elastic and pliable without excessive wrinkling. Appearing neither crippled, awkward, nor cramped in his capacity for movement, the Dachshund is well-balanced with bold and confident head carriage and intelligent, alert facial expression. His hunting spirit, good nose, loud tongue and distinctive build make him well-suited for below-ground work and for beating the bush. His keen nose gives him an advantage over most other breeds for trailing.
Special Characteristics of the Three Coat Varieties
The Dachshund is bred with three varieties of coat: (1) Smooth; (2) Wirehaired; (3) Longhaired. The following features are applicable for each variety:
Short, smooth and shining. Should be neither too long nor too thick. Ears not leathery. Tail is gradually tapered to a point, well but not too richly haired. Long sleek bristles on the underside are considered a patch of strong-growing hair.
(Smooth Coat Puppies from Prior Litters)
With the exception of jaw, eyebrows, and ears, the whole body is covered with a uniform tight, short, thick, rough, hard, outer coat but with finer, somewhat softer, shorter hairs (undercoat) everywhere distributed between the coarser hairs. The absence of an undercoat is a fault. The distinctive facial furnishings include a beard and eyebrows. On the ears the hair is shorter than on the body, almost smooth. The general arrangement of the hair is such that the wirehaired Dachshund, when viewed from a distance, resembles the smooth. Any sort of soft hair in the outer coat, wherever found on the body, especially on the top of the head, is a fault. The same is true of long, curly, or wavy hair, or hair that sticks out irregularly in all directions. The tail is robust, thickly haired, gradually tapering to a point. (I don't breed wire-haired at My Little Dachshund Heaven)
The sleek, glistening, often slightly wavy hair is longer under the neck and on fore chest, the underside of the body, the ears and behind the legs. The coat gives the dog an elegant appearance. Short hair on the ear is not desirable. Too profuse a coat which masks type, equally long hair over the whole body, a curly coat, or a pronounced parting on the back are faults. The tail is carried gracefully in prolongation of the spine; the hair attains its greatest length here and forms a veritable flag.
Longhaired puppies from prior litters.
Genetics for coat: Wire coat is dominant over smooth and long coats. Smooth is dominant over long coats. Long coats are recessive, therefore, two genes must be present to carry the long-hair gene.
Special Characteristics of Coat Colors:
Although base color is immaterial, certain patterns and basic colors dominate.
One-colored include red and cream, with or without a shading of interspersed dark hairs. A small amount of white on the chest is acceptable. Nose and nails are black. One-color coats include red, black, chocolate, wheaten and cream.
Two-colored include black, chocolate, wild boar, blue and fawn, each with deep, rich tan or cream markings over the eyes, on the sides of the jaw and underlip, on the inner edge of the ear, breast, sometimes on the throat, inside and behind the front legs, on the paws and around the anus, and from there to about one-third to one-half of the length of the tail on the underside. A small amount of white on the chest is acceptable. The color listed first is the dominant, and the second is the points. Nose and nails-in the case of black dogs, black; for chocolate and all other colors, dark brown, but self-colored is acceptable. Two-color coats include black and tan; chocolate and tan; black and cream; chocolate and cream; blue and tan.
One-Color Coat Colors:
Red: This is the most familiar and common of the dachshund all colors. A red dachshund can be any shade of red from blonde to a deep red mahogany -- all of which is just red, not cream or wheaten or mahogany. The array is truly splendid. You can have a clear red which means no dark hairs anywhere in the coat or you can have black hairs interspersed -- either of these -- it is still just red. It should have a black eyes, black nose, and black nails. There is no brown dachshund. If it looks brown to you and has tan points, then it is chocolate.
Genetics: Red is a dominant color. For a red to produce black/tans it must carry the tan point gene. A red that does not carry the tan point gene can not ever produce anything but red puppies. Chocolate, black, dilute, and cream are all recessive, therefore can be carried. You cannot get a dominant red from 2 blacks, chocolates, dilutes, or creams being bred together. Dominant red cannot be carried it must be red to produce red, much like dapple, brindle, and wire.
Chocolate: A chocolate dachshund will be chocolate colored all over. Solid chocolate dachshunds will have NO tan points. The chocolate color can range from a light milk chocolate brown to a dark chocolate brown. A chocolate dachshund will have a brown to light brown nose and nails.
Genetics: Chocolate is a recessive color, it must be showing or carried in both parents to appear; but breeds dominant to chocolate and tan.
Cream: Cream colored Dachshunds do not have any red or tones of red in their coat color. They often appear
almost off white to grayish white at birth. The lighter the better. Should have the darkest possible eyes, nose, and nails. Color ranges from champagne to beige. Can have black overlay, especially on ears and tail. They may also have some black hairs in their coats - around the eyes, ears and along the back. This black often diminishes as the puppy gets older. True Creams trace their lineage to England. Cream dachshunds can only have smooth or long hair.
Genetics: Cream is a recessive color. Two of these genes must be present one from each parent for the cream coat.
Wheaten: A wheaten will be from a platinum blonde to light red in color. It will have black eyes, black nose, and black nails. This is usually found in wire-haired.
Genetics: This is a recessive color it must be showing or carried in both parents to appear.
Black: A black dachshund will be black all over. There will be NO tan points. Blacks will have a black nose and black nails.
Genetics: True blacks appear to breed dominant over the black and tan.
Characteristics of Coat Patterns:
Like colors, dachshunds also have a variety of patterns including dapple, double-dapple, piebald, brindle, and sable.
DAPPLE: Dappling is spotting or marbling of a lighter color mixed in with base coat color. The pattern is expressed as lighter-colored areas contrasting with the darker base color. This give the dog and overall mottled look. Neither the light nor the dark color should dominate. It can appear over any color.Red dapple-dappling is lighter red, black/tan dapple-dappling is gray/silver, chocolate/tan dapple-dappling is eggnog colored, blue/tan dappling-dappling is diluted eggnog color. If dappling occurs in eyes, eyes will be blue (can be one or both) or just have blue flecks in them. It is impossible to have blue eyes in a dachshund without the dapple pattern. Nose and nails are the same as for one- and two-colored Dachshunds. Partial or wholly blue (wall) eyes are as acceptable as dark eyes. A large area of white on the chest is sometimes found in a dapple.
Genetics: It is dominant which means one of the parents mush show pattern for it to appear and it can appear with piebald pattern.
BRINDLE: Brindling is a distinct tiger stripe pattern over the base coat color. It can appear over any color. Brindle is a pattern (as opposed to a color) in which black or dark stripes occur over the entire body although in some specimens the pattern may be visible only in the tan points. This can appear in all coat types. The best brindles are striped all over the body, but even if there are only one or two stripes on the feet, the dog should be registered as brindle. Brindle will not show well in Chocolates.
Genetics: Dominant pattern. One of the parents must show the brindle pattern for it to appear and it can appear with piebald pattern. A dog showing brindle carries one brindle gene and if the dog has heavy brindle markings it carries two brindle genes.
DOUBLE DAPPLE: A double dapple will be a dappled dachshund with patches of white also mixed in. It can appear over any color. This can only occur both parents are dappled. The dapple gene is lethal in double doses, 4% of all double dapples born are blind or deaf or both. Most usually they have two blue eyes but can have only one blue eye and on occasion two brown eyes. It is impossible to have blue eyes on a dachshund without the dapple pattern. It is often mistaken for the piebald pattern.
Genetics: Dominant pattern. A double dapple will make all dapple offspring when bred.
(Note: Double dapple are not bred at My Little Dachshund Heaven.)
PIEBALD: The Piebald pattern is that of white spotting superimposed over any solid color. The solid color patches will not vary in color. A piebald will always have a white tail tip. The amount of white or solid color will vary. An almost solid white dog will usually always have a color patch on the head and the base of the tail. This classification would be the minimum amount of white being four completely white legs, a white tipped tail, and a white chest and then up to 80% of white on the coat. Extreme piebald white spotting is where more than 80% of the coat is white. These can appear with any color. White spotting is recessive which means both parents must be showing or carrying for it to appear. White spotting can have 'ticking' which looks like someone took a marker and put little dots of color in the white. 'Ticking' is dominant and only one of the parents has to be ticked.
Genetics: Recessive pattern. Two genes must be present to carry the piebald pattern. Ticking, however, is a dominant trait.
(Note: Piebald are not bred at My Little Dachshund Heaven.)
SABLE: The sable pattern consists of a uniform dark overlay on red dogs.This is a pattern that can not be truly labeled until pup reaches 6 months of age. Many pups labeled sable lose black overlay and become simply red with no pattern. A true red sable will appear to be black and tan from a distance. The undercoat beneath black being red. This is an uncommon pattern. The overlay hairs are double-pigmented, with the tip of each hair much darker than the base color. The pattern usually displays a widow’s peak on the head. Nose, nails and eye rims are black. Eyes are dark, the darker the better. Appears in long-hair dogs only.
Genetics: Recessive pattern. Two genes must be present to carry the sable pattern.